Solar Wafers

Crystallisation of solar silicon

Solar wafer production of SolarWorld AG

Learn about how our Freiberg facility produces wafers from silicon in the video.

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SolarWorld Industries Sachsen GmbH

Solar wafer

The main product for solar cells

In the second step solar wafers are produced. They are the main product for solar cells. The SolarWorld subsidiary, SolarWorld Industries Sachsen GmbH, produces solar wafers in Freiberg. This facility is one of the world's largest producers of polycrystalline solar silicon wafers. The Solsix brand wafers produced in Freiberg are not only processed to make solar cells by companies in the SolarWorld Group, many third-party solar cell manufacturers worldwide also use them.


The highly pure silicon is poured into a coated mold made of highly pure quartz material and melted at temperatures of more than 1,400 degrees Celsius. Only a single crystal is pulled from the melted silicon mass during the production of monocrystalline wafers. In the production of polycrystalline wafers, the liquid silicon mass hardens and thousands of small crystallines are formed into a block. The blocks created this way are then cut into square columns in the next step.